Orthoses should be used conservatively for children. Many children do not have a history of problems that require a change in their alignment of the lower limb or foot, and many children are naturally mobile with their feet. Rapid growth contributes to poor muscular control of motion, and it is important to allow natural strengthening to occur with time. The rapid growth of bones and increased weight causes the muscles to be lengthened and become relatively poor in strength for power and good muscular control. With poor power and control there is often greater motion but this improves significantly. This is an easy time for children to be injured from increased loading from activities.
- Control biomechanical alignment
- Correct or accommodate deformity
- Protect and support an injury
- Assist rehabilitation
- Reduce pain
- Increase mobility
- Increase independence