ITB Friction Syndrome
ITB friction syndrome is an overuse injury to some of the soft tissue structures on the outside of the knee. The ITB is a large band of connective tissue that runs from the hip down the outside of the thigh and attaches just below the knee joint..
ITB friction syndrome is caused by repetitive rubbing of the iliotibial band against the bone on the outer side of the knee.
This excessive rubbing against the bone can irritate the ITB itself and/or other surrounding soft tissue structures.
Muscle tightness to tensor fascia latae and gluteus maximus increases the tautness of the ITB and this equates to increased tension at the tendon insertion into the knee.
Causes of the excessive friction include:
Symptoms of ITB Friction Syndrome include
Treatment may include:
Rest - restriction from activities that cause pain
Heat or Ice - application of heat, ice. Generally ice is applied after activity; heat may be used before exercise to loosen muscles and soft tissues.
Myotherapy treatment - soft tissue treatment and dry-needling to ITB, hip and leg musculature
Corrective Exercise - stretching to lengthen the ITB and strengthening the quadriceps and hamstrings, and gluteal muscles to correct muscle imbalances as prescribed by your myotherapist.
Avoiding the causes of ITB Friction Syndrome is the best way to prevent it. This can include: